The rhinoceros belongs to the family Rhinocerotidae and includes four genera, five species and eleven subspecies. Only five species of rhinoceros are surviving in the word of which three species namely — the greater one-horned rhinoceros Rhinoceros unicornis , Javan rhinoceros Rhinoceros sondaicus and Sumatran rhinoceros Rhinoceros sumatrensis are confined in Asia and two species namely — the black rhinoceros Diceros bicornis and white rhinoceros Ceratotherium simum in African continent. Greater one-horned rhino, also known as the Indian rhino lives in floodplain grassland and adjacent riverine forests of north Indian and southern Nepal. Belonging to the Rhinocerotidae family, rhinos are among the largest remaining megafauna. Characterized as odd-toed ungulate with single horn and armored skin, one-horned rhino lives on herbivorous diet. Rhinos have alarmingly become victims to poaching and their illegal trade, killed for their horns which are simply made of keratins same type of protein that makes up hair and fingernails.
Indian rhinoceros - Wikipedia
The black rhino and the white rhino diets are very different. That's partly because of the black rhino's prehensile lip -- basically a pointy lip that allows him to tear and pick up stuff easily. The white rhino, on the other hand, has more square lips, so he can't break things to eat and as a result can't consume harder stuff like branches. Both types of rhino are affected by the seasons, with their diets changing depending on what's available around them.
The Indian rhinoceros Rhinoceros unicornis , also called the greater one-horned rhinoceros and great Indian rhinoceros , is a rhinoceros native to the Indian subcontinent. Moreover, the extent and quality of the rhino's most important habitat, alluvial grassland and riverine forest , is considered to be in decline due to human and livestock encroachment. As of , a total of 2, mature individuals were estimated to live in the wild. The Indian rhinoceros once ranged throughout the entire stretch of the Indo-Gangetic Plain , but excessive hunting and agricultural development reduced its range drastically to 11 sites in northern India and southern Nepal.
Once widespread across the entire northern part of the Indian sub-continent, rhino populations plummeted as they were hunted for sport or killed as agricultural pests. This pushed the species very close to extinction and by the end of the 20 th century, fewer than animals remained. The recovery of the greater one-horned rhino is among the greatest conservation success stories in Asia. Thanks to strict protection and management from Indian and Nepalese wildlife authorities, the greater one-horned rhino was brought back from the brink. Today populations have increased to around 3, rhinos in northeastern India and the Terai grasslands of Nepal.