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Engaging Adult Learners, Part II: In-class Activities Inspired by Transformative Learning
Transformative learning: how adults actually learn | Adult and Community Education
The theory has two basic kinds of learning: instrumental and communicative learning. Instrumental learning focuses on learning through task-oriented problem solving and determination of cause and effect relationships. Communicative learning involves how individuals communicate their feelings, needs and desires. Meaning structures perspectives and schemes are a major component of the theory. They are divided into 3 sets of codes: sociolinguistic codes, psychological codes, and epistemic codes. Meaning structures are understood and developed through reflection.
I recently explained my strategies for structuring a class so that students would have a sense of its direction and purpose. In this entry, I will focus on how to fill class time with learning activities designed specifically for adults by using a personal example. Before discussing ways to keep adults involved, it is worth remembering essential pedagogical principles when designing learning activities. As discussed previously, mature learners are adept at metacognition. In other words, they have the ability to think about what they are doing and how they are doing it.